Shoulderstand Pose - Salamba Sarvangasana

Shoulderstand Pose ( front) - Iana Varshavska


Shoulderstand Pose or Salamba Sarvangasana in Sanskrit (salamba, meaning “supported,” sarva, meaning “all,” anga meaning “limb,” and asana, meaning “pose” or “posture.”). This translates to ‘All Body Parts Pose’. Salamba Sarvangasana is also known as the “Mother of all Yoga Poses” because it benefits the entire body and also the mind. Shoulderstand Pose (Sarvangasana) can be categorized under intermediate-level yoga poses. To practice this asana, yoga practitioners should have some level of comfort with various intermediate-level yoga poses. As the entire body is balanced on the upper shoulders this pose is also called ‘Kandrasana’ or ‘Shoulderstand Pose’.

Sarvangasana is considered a base pose as Sarvangasana variations can be derived from this pose. Sarvangasana helps calm the mind and turn on the parasympathetic system, hence can be included at the end of yoga sequences.

Step-by-Step Instructions

Step 1
Exhaling, raise high the legs together enough to make a right angle with the body. Keep the knees straight and the body above the hip-joint on the ground undisturbed.
Step 2
At this stage, still exhaling, raise the arms and hold the waist and push the body up as far as possible. Put all the body weight on the arms and rest on the elbows, with the legs thrown upwards.
Step 3
When this position is firmly secured, by careful manipulation, make an attempt to shift the hands slowly towards the waist, with the fingers extended to the back of the hip-bones and the thumbs pressed lightly on both sides of the navel.
Step 4
Set the chin in the jugular notch and place the full weight upon the shoulders, the neck and the back of the head (final position). Complete the above steps in 4 seconds, while exhaling.
Step 5
Maintain this pose as long as convenient, but not longer than two minutes, breathe normally slow, rhythmic and natural.
Step 6
Return to starting position: slowly bend the knees and then gently lower the hips towards the mat, supported by the hands in 4 seconds, while inhaling.
Step 7
Release the hands from the back and assume the starting position.
Step 8
Take a few deep breaths and then rest in savasana, breath normally.

Benefits and Contraindications


Strengthens your shoulder and neck muscles.

Helps open your shoulders.

Strengthens your legs.

Builds strength in core and the whole torso.

Calms nerves

Reduces anxiety, insomnia, and irritability

Aids digestive disorders

Increases circulation to the brain

Boosts the immune system


High blood pressure




Back pain or spine injury


Certain heart problems (consult your doctor)

Throat or ear infection (this pose might cause discomfort)

Detached retina

Photo poses in different angles

Modifications and Props For Beginners

  • Blankets: Placing blankets under the shoulders, neck, and head can help provide support and cushioning, making the pose more comfortable. Folded blankets can also be placed under the elbows to help lift the shoulders away from the ears.
  • Blocks: Blocks can be placed under the hips to elevate them, making it easier to get into the pose. They can also be used to provide additional support and stability.
  • Straps: Straps can be used to keep the arms and shoulders in place, preventing them from sliding or moving during the pose. They can also be used to provide additional support and stability.
  • Wall: Practicing Salamba Sarvangasana with the feet against the wall can help provide support and stability, making it easier to hold the pose for longer periods. It can also help prevent the body from tipping over.
  • Shoulderstand bench: A shoulderstand bench can provide additional support and make it easier to get into the pose. The bench allows the shoulders and head to rest on a platform, providing more stability and reducing the risk of neck strain.

Useful Tips

  • When you are practising Shoulderstand don’t be afraid of using lots of props to raise your shoulders and upper back. The most important thing in Shoulderstand is to take care of your neck.
  • Keep the neck straight and avoid turning the head. The weight should be distributed evenly between the shoulders and elbows, and the feet should be stacked directly above the hips.
  • You can bring your legs to a 45 degree angle instead of pointing them upwards to the ceiling.
  • Be aware of the position of your elbows – roll your upper arms outwards to prevent your elbows from splaying out to the sides.
  • Keep your core engaged to help lift your hip and allow your hands to walk further up your back for support.
  • Focus on deep, slow, and rhythmic breathing during the pose. Breathe through the nose and keep the breaths even and steady.
  • Hold the pose for as long as it feels comfortable, starting with a few seconds and gradually increasing the duration. Avoid holding the pose for too long, especially if you’re a beginner.
  • When releasing the pose, come down slowly, one vertebra at a time, and avoid jerky movements. Use your hands to support your back as you come down.


  • One-Legged Shoulder Stand
  • Side Shoulder Stand
  • Supported Shoulderstand Pose Chair Variation Bound Angle Legs
  • One Legged Shoulderstand Pose Hands On Back
  • Shoulderstand Pose With Blanket And Strap
  • Shoulderstand Pose Bent Legs
  • Upward Lotus Pose
  • One-Legged Shoulderstand Pose
  • Shoulderstand Pose Wide Legs
  • Unsupported Shoulderstand Pose Variation

Iana Varshavska
Iana Varshavska
Website administrator

A digital marketer in love with yoga and everything that goes along with it. In 2021, her huge passion for yoga led her to yoga teacher trainings. After successfully completing her studies, Iana received her Yoga Alliance U.S. certification, left the corporate IT world and devoted herself to the development of Yanva. To be able to create the best online yoga space for yoga enthusiasts like her, Iana is constantly learning and improving her skills in various aspects of yoga philosophy, anatomy and biomechanics. Since 2021, she has continued to attend various types of teacher training, including yoga therapy, gives online and offline classes, and conducts local workshops for people who want to learn more about yoga. At the moment, Iana continues to work on her personal practice, improving her hand balancing skills, as well as developing her own training programs.