Tree Pose - Vrksasana

Tree Pose (front) - Iana Varshavska


Tree Pose or Vrksasana in Sanskrit (‘Vrksa’ means ‘Tree’ and ‘asana’ means ‘pose’) is a yoga posture that strengthens the legs, improves balance, and cultivates mindfulness. The very name suggests the body in the final pose should look like a tree. A tree stands tall, strong, and straight. Thus, while practicing Vrksasana focus on keeping your standing leg strong and stable, rooting down through your foot and engaging your thigh muscles. You can also experiment with different arm positions, such as reaching your arms out to the sides or bringing them down to your sides for more support. Remember to breathe deeply and stay present in the pose, allowing yourself to feel grounded and rooted like a tree.

Step-by-Step Instructions

Step 1
Start in mountain pose with your arms alongside your body. Equally distribute the weight across both feet and ground down evenly through the inner ankles, big toes, pinky toes and the heels.
Step 2
On an inhale, shift the weight into your left foot ensuring your weight is equally distributed through all four corners of your foot and you are not gripping the toes.
Step 3
Bend the right knee into your chest and reach down to grab hold of the right inner ankle. Guide the sole of the right foot to the inner left thigh or inner calf. **Avoid resting the left foot on the inner knee.
Step 4
Press the sole of the right foot into the left inner thigh and the left inner thigh into the sole of the right foot to create stability.
Step 5
Rest your hands on your hips and encourage them to be at the same height and squared forwards towards the front. Then bring the palms to prayer at your heart center.
Step 6
Lengthen the tailbone towards the earth.
Step 7
Engage the belly gently by drawing the naval in and up towards the spine.
Step 8
Root down firmly through that left foot as you lengthen through the spine and the crown of the head.
Step 9
Soften your gaze to a non-moving point in front of you on the horizon.
Step 10
On an inhale you can reach the arms up above head with the hands active either shoulder distance apart or palms pressing together. Relax the shoulders away from the ears.
Step 11
To release, bring the right foot back down to the ground and the arms back alongside the body into mountain pose. Repeat on the other side.

Benefits and Contraindications


Improves neuromuscular coordination

Improves balance, endurance and alertness

Tones up the leg muscles and ligaments

Helps in bone development and proper alignment of the vertebral column

Helps relieve premenstrual symptoms like leg cramps and abdominal cramps

Relieves stress and anxiety


Arthritis and/or vertigo


Knee or hip injury

Photo poses in different angles

Modifications and Props

Several props can be used to help modify or deepen the practice of Vrksasana (Tree Pose), including:

  • Yoga block: If you have trouble balancing or can’t reach your foot to your thigh, you can place a block under your foot for support. This will help you maintain the proper alignment and feel more stable.
  • Wall:
  • Stand with your back against a wall and place your foot on the wall at the level of your thigh. The wall will provide stability and support as you work on finding your balance.

  • Strap: If you have difficulty bringing your foot up to your thigh or keeping your arms lifted, you can use a strap to help. Loop the strap around the ball of your foot and hold onto the ends with your hands. This will give you more leverage to lift your foot higher and maintain the pose.
  • Blanket: If you have sensitive knees, you can place a blanket under your standing foot for extra cushioning.

Useful Tips

Keep the knee of your standing leg soft – do not lock the knee especially if you are hypermobile.

To help with your stability and balance:

  • Spread through the toes and press the foot firmly into the floor but try not to clench your foot so that it can make small movements to help keep your balance.
  • Engage the muscles of the leg, hips, glutes.
  • Maintain an active core.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I improve my balance in Tree Pose?

To improve your balance in Tree Pose, focus on finding a steady gaze and engaging your core muscles. You can also practice with a chair or wall for support until you feel more comfortable on your own.

How do I know if I'm doing Tree Pose correctly?

In Tree Pose, your weight should be evenly distributed between your standing foot and the foot that’s lifted. Your lifted foot should be pressing firmly into your standing leg, and your hips should be level. You can ask a yoga teacher to check your alignment or use a mirror to check it yourself.

Can I practice Tree Pose if I have knee or ankle pain?

If you have knee or ankle pain, you may need to modify the pose or avoid it altogether. Consult with a doctor or yoga teacher for guidance on modifications that can make the pose more accessible for you.

Can I practice Tree Pose during pregnancy?

Tree Pose can be practiced during pregnancy with modifications to accommodate your changing body. However, it’s best to consult with a doctor or yoga teacher before beginning any new yoga practice during pregnancy.

How long should I hold Tree Pose?

Hold Tree Pose for 5-10 breaths, or as long as you feel comfortable. As you become more comfortable with the pose, you can gradually increase the length of time you hold it.

How do I deepen my stretch in Tree Pose?

To deepen the stretch in Tree Pose, press your foot firmly into your thigh and draw your thigh and foot closer together. You can also reach your arms up overhead to increase the stretch in your side body and arms.


  • Tree Pose Aerial
  • Palm Tree Pose Variation Elbows
  • Half Lotus Tree Pose
  • Tree Pose Foot Chair
  • Tree Pose Hand Wall
  • Tree Pose On Block
  • Tree Pose Side Bend

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Iana Varshavska
Iana Varshavska
Website administrator

In love with yoga and everything that goes along with it. Iana is a Registered Yoga Teacher (RYT) who has completed the 200-hour Yoga Teacher Training Certification by the Yoga Alliance U.S. In addition to that, she is constantly studying and improving her skills in various aspects of yoga philosophy, yoga anatomy, biomechanics, and holodynamics.